The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) of 1974, also known as the Buckley Amendment (Statute: 20 U.S.G. 1232g; Regulations: 34 CFR Part 99), protects the privacy of a student's academic record. It applies to all institutions that receive federal funding and applies at the point an applicant becomes a student. Students can inspect and seek to amend their education records. They can designate who has access to their education records. And they can file a complaint with the FERPA Office in Washington, DC.
Whether you are faculty, staff or student, maintaining confidentiality of student records is your responsibility.